Neuropsychology is a field of both research study and clinical application. It relates human psychological processes (thinking, emotions) and behaviours to the structure and function of the brain. For example, decades of findings in neuropsychology have led to detailed knowledge about memory – how memories are formed and strengthened, which parts of the brain store visual vs. auditory memories, and how we search our unique memory “catalog” to retrieve memories.
A neuropsychological evaluation details a person’s mental abilities across many domains of cognition (memory, attention, spatial skills, etc.) It can provide valuable data for people who have, or worry that they may have, problems in their thinking, daily activities, or behaviour. Neuropsychological evaluation clarifies current strengths and weaknesses in memory and thinking, as well as social and emotional functioning. It helps relate these skills and abilities to daily activities, and academic and/or work abilities.
The results of an assessment can be used for:
– monitoring a condition over time,
– monitoring recovery over time,
– personalized recommendations and treatment planning,
– and to guide educational and vocational decisions.